The Bordeaux region is not only the main competitor of Burgundy, but also the common name, which is called local products. Remember how d’Artagnan in the tavern demanded a few bottles of Bordeaux? So “Bordeaux” is more than just French wine. These are traditions, reference grape varieties (red wines here are always created on the basis of Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon) and technologies worked out for centuries. Bordeaux “chateau” (in this region wineries are always castles) are divided into left-bank and right-bank. On the left bank (Medoc, Margot, Poyak, O-Medoc, Saint-Julien, Grave, Sauternes), cabernet dominates, and real aristocrats live.
On the right bank (Pomrol, Saint-Emilion) merlot is grown. He became famous relatively recently, in the 20th century, thanks to Pétrus and Cheval Blanc wines.
There is such a concept in winemaking as the “great red wines of Bordeaux” (Bordeaux rouge). They are created in the areas of Medoc and Graves (Château Haut-Brion, Château Margaux, Château Latour, Château Lafite Rotschild, Château Mouton Rotschild, Château Cheval Blanc). These are the most expensive wines in the world and the most coveted for true collectors. A significant part of the chateau of Medoc and Grave belongs to the Rothschilds.